The Calender (Read the Passage)


1. Read the Passage.

It was like using a watch that runs slow. The Egyptian calendar was slower than the exact sun year. In four years it was about a day behind; in forty years the calendar was 10days (a full Egyptian week) behind the sun.

Many years late in Rome, Julius Caesar tried to fix the calendar. He thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long. He added an extra day every four years. The year with an extra day is called leap year. The year is really, 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds long. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes too fast. Twelve minutes is not much, but by the year 1582 scientists showed that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun. Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

It was easy to take 10 days away from the calendar. This made it right with the sun again. There was still a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. Using the Egyptian Calendar was like using a _____ running watch.

slow

2. There is an _____ in a leap year.

extra day

3. Julius Caesar’s calendar was _____ by about twelve minutes.

fast

4. Pope Gregory thought his _____ would be better.

plan

5. Julius Caesar’s calendar was ahead of the _____.

sun

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

1. How long did Julius Caesar think a year should be?

Julius Caesar thought a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long.

2. What did Julius Caesar do to make the first calendar right?

Julius Caesar added an extra day every four years to make the first calendar right.

3. What did scientists point out in 1582?

In 1582, scientists pointed out that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun.

4. How was the second calendar made right with the sun?

The second calendar was made right with the sun by taking 10 days away from the        calendar.

5. What was the problem that still remained to be solved?

The problem that still remained to be solved was how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

2. Read the Passage.

More than 2,000 years ago, scientists in Egypt made a calendar. There were ten days in a week, three weeks in a month, and twelve months in a year. This calendar showed a way to count weeks and months, but it was not scientific.

It does not matter how many days are in a week, or in a month, any number can be used. No one, however, can decide how long a day or a year should be. A day is the exact length of time it takes the earth to turn around one time. A year is the length of time the earth takes to travel around the sun one time. The Egyptians did not think about these scientific facts. For them, 12 of their 30-day months made a year, but 360 days do not make a full year.

What did they do about this problem? They made a five-day holiday at the end of each year. But even adding five holidays did not make the Egyptian’s yearly calendar right. It takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun. To be exact, it takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds. For a long time people did not add these extra hours minutes and seconds.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. Egyptian _____ made a calendar thousands of years ago.

scientists

2. The Egyptian calendar showed how to _____ weeks and months.

count

3. The Egyptian calendar was not _____ at all.

scientific

4. The Egyptian had not knowledge of certain _____ facts.

scientific

5. They did not realize their calendar was not _____.

Scientific

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. How long does the earth take to travel around itself one time?

The earth takes a day to travel around itself one time.

7. How many days did a year have in the Egyptian calendar?

A year had 360 days in the Egyptian calendar.

8.What was the problem with the Egyptian calendar?

The problem with the Egyptian calendar was that 360days do not make a full year.

9. How did the Egyptian solve the problem?

The Egyptian solved the problem by making a five-day holiday at the end of each year.

10. Why didn’t solving the problem make the Egyptian’s yearly calendar right?

Solving the problem didn’t make the Egyptians’ yearly calendar right because it takes the earth a little more than 365 days to travel around the sun.

3. Read the Passage.

Many years late in Rome, Julius Caesar tried to fix the calendar. He thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long. He added an extra day every four years. The year with an extra day is called leap year. The year is really, 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds long. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes too fast. Twelve minutes is not much, but by the year 1582 scientists showed that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun. Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

It was easy to take 10 days away from the calendar. This made it right with the sun again. There was still a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1._____ tried to make the calendar righ.

Julius Caesar

2. To make the calendar correct, _____ was added to the ordinary year.

an extra day

3. A year is really more than _____.

365 days

4. Julius Caesar’s calendar was not correct because it was _____.

almost twelve minutes too fast

5. It was _____ who showed that the calendar would be inaccurate by about 10 days.

Scientists

 (B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. According to Julius Caesar, how long should a year be?

According to Julius Caesar, a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long.

7. When would the calendar be faster by 10 days?

The calendar would be faster by 10 days in 1582.

8. Who wanted to make a better plan?

Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

9. What could make the calendar right with the sun?

A year with an extra day is a leap year.

10. What was the problem that remained?

The problem that remained was how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

4. Read the Passage.

Many years late in Rome, Julius Caesar tried to fix the calendar. He thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long. He added an extra day every four years. The year with an extra day is called leap year. The year is really, 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds long. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes too fast. Twelve minutes is not much, but by the year 1582 scientists showed that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun. Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

It was easy to take 10 days away from the calendar. This made it right with the sun again. There was still a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. _____ tried to make the calendar righ.

Julius Caesar

2. To make the calendar correct, _____ was added to the ordinary year.

an extra day

3. A year is really ______ 365 days.

more than

4. Julius Caesar’s calendar was not correct because it was _____ too fast.

almost twelve minutes too fast

It was _____ who showed that the calendar would be inaccurate by about 10 days.

Scientists

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

5. According to Julius Caesar, how long should a year be?

According to Julius Caesar, a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long.

6. When would the calendar be faster by 10 days?

The calendar would be faster by 10 days in 1582.

7. Who wanted to make a better plan?

Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

8. What is a leap year?

A year with an extra day is a leap year.

9. What was the problem that remained?

The problem that remained was how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

5. Read the Passage.

More than 2,000 years ago, scientists in Egypt made a calendar. There were ten days in a week, three weeks in a month, and twelve months in a year. This calendar showed a way to count weeks and months, but it was not scientific.

It does not matter how many days are in a week, or in a month, any number can be used. No one, however, can decide how long a day or a year should be. A day is the exact length of time it takes the earth to turn around one time. A year is the length of time the earth takes to travel around the sun one time. The Egyptians did not think about these scientific facts. For them, 12 of their 30-day months made a year, but 360 days do not make a full year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. ______ in Egypt made the first calendar.

Scientists

2. The Egyptian calendar showed a way of _____ Weeks and months.

counting

3. The Egyptian did not consider the _____ facts.

scientific

4. There were 12 months in a year but only _____ In each month in the Egyptian calendar.

three weeks

5. In the Egyptian calendar, there were only 360 days in a _____ year

full

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. When was the first calendar made?

The first calendar was made more than 2,000 years ago.

7. How many weeks were there in a year in the Egyptian calendar?

There were 36 weeks in a year in the Egyptian calendar.

8. Why was it possible to use any number in counting weeks and months?

It was possible to use any number in counting weeks and months because no one can decide how long a day or a year should be.

9. How long is a day?

A day is the exact length of time it takes the earth to turn around one time.

10. How long does the earth take to travel around the sun one time?

The earth takes a year to travel around the sun on time.

6. Read the Passage.

Many years late in Rome, Julius Caesar tried to fix the calendar. He thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long. He added an extra day every four years. The year with an extra day is called leap year. The year is really, 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds long. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes too fast. Twelve minutes is not much, but by the year 1582 scientists showed that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun. Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

It was easy to take 10 days away from the calendar. This made it right with the sun again. There was still a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

Scientists tried one way, and then they tried another. Finally, they decided to continue to have every fourth year as a leap year. Then they solved the problem of the calendar going too fast. They made a plan to take out three days every 400 years. A year ending in 00 is not a leap year unless it can be divided evenly by 400. The year 1600 was a leap year, but 1700, 1800 and 1900 were not. The year 2000 was a leap year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. Julius Caesar thought that the _____ of year should be 365 days and 6 hours.

length

2. An extra day was _____ to the calendar every four years by Julius Caesar.

added

3. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes _____ than the sun.

faster

4. _____ 10 days away from the calendar was easy.

taking

5. How the calendar should be _____ right in the future was a problem for scientists at that time.

Kept

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. Who tried to fix the Egyptian calendar in Rome?

Julius Caesar tried to fix the Egyptian calendar in Rome.

7. What is a leap year?

A leap year is the year with an extra day.

8. After making the calendar right, what problem did Pope Gregory XIII still have?

After making the calendar right, Pope Gregory still had a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future year after year.

9. How did scientists solve the problem of the calendar going too fast?

Scientist solved the problem of the calendar going to fast by making a plan to take out three days every days every 400 days.

10. Why wasn’t the year 1700 a leap year?

The year 1700 wasn’t a leap year because it cannot be divided evenly by 400.

7. Read the Passage.

Many years late in Rome, Julius Caesar tried to fix the calendar. He thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long. He added an extra day every four years. The year with an extra day is called leap year. The year is really, 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds long. Julius Caesar’s calendar was almost twelve minutes too fast. Twelve minutes is not much, but by the year 1582 scientists showed that the calendar was about 10 days faster than the sun. Pope Gregory XIII wanted to make a better plan.

It was easy to take 10 days away from the calendar. This made it right with the sun again. There was still a problem: how to keep the calendar right in the future, year after year.

Scientists tried one way, and then they tried another. Finally, they decided to continue to have every fourth year as a leap year. Then they solved the problem of the calendar going too fast. They made a plan to take out three days every 400 years. A year ending in 00 is not a leap year unless it can be divided evenly by 400. The year 1600 was a leap year, but 1700, 1800 and 1900 were not. The year 2000 was a leap year.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1. An extra day _____ to the calendar every four years by Julius Caesar.

was added

2. A leap year has an _____.

extra day

3. The year is more than _____ Long.

365 days and 6 hours

4. Pope Gregory XII thought that his plan would _____.

be better

5. The year 2000 can be _____ by 400.

divided evenly

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. Why did Julius Caesar add an extra day every four years?

Julius Caesar added an extra day every four years because he thought that a year should be 365 days and 6 hours long.

7. How many days are there in a leap year?

There are 366 days in a leap year.

8. What was the problem scientists had to solve?

The problem scientists had to solve was how to keep the calendar right in future, year after year.

9. What was the decision that scientists made when solved the problem?

The decision that scientists made when they solved the problem was to continue to have every fourth year as a leap year.

10. When is a year ending in 00 in a leap year?

The year ending in 00 is a leap year when it can be divided evenly by 400.

8. Read the Passage.

People had to try for thousands of years before they knew how to put together days, weeks, months, and years.

More than 2,000 years ago, scientists in Egypt made a calendar. There were ten days in a week, three weeks in a month, and twelve months in a year. This calendar showed a way to count weeks and months, but it was not scientific.

It does not matter how many days are in a week, or in a month, any number can be used. No one, however, can decide how long a day or a year should be. A day is the exact length of time it takes the earth to turn around one time. A year is the length of time the earth takes to travel around the sun one time. The Egyptians did not think about these scientific facts. For them, 12 of their 30-day months made a year, but 360 days do not make a full year.

What did they do about this problem? They made a five-day holiday at the end of each year. But even adding five holidays did not make the Egyptian’s yearly calendar right.

(A) Write the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

1.______ in Egypt made the first calendar.

Scientists

2. The _____ calendar was not scientific.

Egyptian

3. It takes the earth _____ to turn around one time.

a year

4. There were thirty _____ in every month in the Egyptian calendar.

days

5. The Egyptian _____ Five holidays to make the Egyptian’s yearly calendar right.

Added

(B) Answer each question in one sentence.

6. After trying for thousand of years, what did people become to know?

After trying for thousands of years, people became to know how to put together days, weeks, months and years.

7. How many days were there in a year in the Egyptian calendar?

There were 360 days in a year in the Egyptian calendar.

8. What did the Egyptian calendar show?

The Egyptian calendar showed a way to count weeks and months.

9. How long is a year?

A year is the length of time the earth takes to travel around the sun one time.

10. What was the problem with the Egyptian calendar?

The problem with Egyptian calendar was that 360 days do not make a full year.