There was a time when living in a village was the life of peace and happiness. Gone are those days when the villages had enough and to spare, and the nation lived in the villages. But now a village is not a comfortable place to live in. Those who live in villages fall into three classes, namely, the rich, the middle class and the toiling mass. The rich are very few because they turn away from the village and usually live in towns. Some of the middle-class people are land-holders. But they do not cultivate the land themselves. They engage landless who do all the work for them. The businessmen among the middle class ae prosperous. The vast majority of the villagers belong to the toiling mass. They are poor peasants, landless laborers, the artisans, the blacksmiths, the weavers, the fishermen and the people engaged in such other useful work. The village is, however, full of dirty politics. There are some shrewd people who keep up quarrels, rivalries, and litigations among the rival groups to get some financial benefits out of them. On the whole, the life of the villagers is a sad tale of woes and sufferings. The village is generally the seat of poverty, squalor, illiteracy, disease, and death. But the importance of the village in our national life is very great. We must not forget that if the villages die out, the fate of our nation will be sealed forever. Villages must be reconstructed at any cost and village life should be restored to its former state.