Formation of sentences in the light of tenses


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1.Present Indefinite Tense:(Form of verb is not changed. ‘s’ or ‘es’ is added to the verb)

Person Singular Plural
First Person I write a letter We write a letter
Second Person You write a letter You write a letter
Third Person He/She writes a letter They write a letter

‘Be’ verb is used as principal verbs

First Person I am well We are well
Second Person You are well You are well
Third Person He/She is well They are well
First Person I have a book We have a cow
Second Person You have a book You have many books
Third Person He has a garden They have a house
  1. Present Continuous Tense :(,Auxiliary verb : Am, is, are & ing is added to the verb)
First Person I am writing a letter We are writing a letter
Second Person You are writing a letter You are writing a letter
Third Person He/She is writing a letter They are writing a letter
  1. Present Perfect Tense :(Auxiliary verbs- Have, Has & principal verb takes past participle form.)
First Person I have written a letter We have written a letter
Second Person You have written a letter You have written a letter
Third Person He/She has written a letter They have written a letter
  1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense :(Auxiliary verbs: Have been, Has been & ing is added to the verb.)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I have been writing a letter We have been writing a letter
Second Person You have been writing a letter You have been writing a letter
Third Person He/She has been writing a letter They have been writing a letter

 

  1. Past Indefinite Tense :(Principal verb takes past form)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I wrote a letter We wrote a letter
Second Person You wrote a letter You wrote a letter
Third Person He/She wrote a letter They wrote a letter

“Was, Were, Had” are used as principal verb.

First Person I was well We were well

 

 

Second Person You were well You were well
Third Person He/She was well They were well
  I had a coat

 

You/She/He’/had a cat

We had a cat

 

They had a cat

  1. Past Continuous Tense:(Auxiliary Verbs: Was, Were, Principal verb + ing) .
Person Singular Plural
First Person I was writing a letter . We were writing a letter
Second Person You were writing a letter your were writing a letter
Third Person He/She was writing a letter They were writing a letter
  1. Past Perfect Tense:(Auxiliary Verb: Had, Past Participle form of the principal verb)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I had written a letter before We had written a letter before
  you came you came
Second Person You had written a letter You had written a letter before
  before you came you came
Third Person He/She had written a letter They had written a letter
  before you came before you came
  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense:(Auxiliary Verb: Had been, principal verb ing)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I had been writing a letter for We had been writing a letter
  ten minutes for ten minutes
Second Person You had been writing a letter You had been writing a

 

 

  for ten minutes letter for ten minutes
Third Person He/she had been writing a They had been writing
  letter for ten minutes a letter for ten minutes
  1. Future Indefinite Tense:(Auxiliary Verbs: Shall, Will, Present form of principal verb)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I shall write a letter We shall write a letter
Second Person You will write a letter You will write a letter
Third Person He/She will write a letter They will write a letter
  1. Future Continuous Tense:(Auxiliary Verbs: Shall be, Will be, principal verb + ing)
Person Singular Plural
First Person I shall be writing a letter We shall be writing a letter
Second Person You will be writing a letter You will be writing a letter
Third Person He/She will be writing a letter They will be writing a letter
  1. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: (This tense is no longer used)

You should learn the past tense and past participle forms of the following verbs :

Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle
Abid abode abode Hang hung hung Strive strove striven
Arise arose arisen Hang hanged hange Swear swore sworn
Awake awoke awaked Hide hid Hid

 

Hidden

Swim swam swam
Bear bore born Lie lay lain Swell swelled swelled
Bear bore borne Welcome welcomed welcomed Swing swung swung
Beat beat beaten Ride rode ridden Take took taken
Beget begot Begot

 

begotten

Ring rang rung Tear tore torn
Begin began begun Rise rose risen Throw threw thrown
Bid Bid

 

bade

Bid

 

bidden

Sew sewed Sewed

 

sewn

Tread trod Trod

 

Trodden

Bind bound bound Shake shook shaken Wed Wed

 

wedden

Wed

 

wedden

Bite bit bitten Shine shone shone Wake woke Waked/

 

woken

Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle
Blow blew blown Sing sang sung Wear wore worn
Break broke broken Sink sank sunk Weave wove woven
Dig dug dug Sit sat sat Win won won
Draw drew drawn Slay slew slain Wind wound wound
Drink drank drunk Speak spoke spoken Wring wrung wrung
Fight fought fought Spin spun spun Write wrote written
fall fell fallen Spring sprang sprung Apply applied applied
Find found found Stand stood stood Bend bent bent
Forbid forbade forbidden Steal stole stolen Bleed bled Bled
Forsake forsook forsaken Stink stank stunk Boil boiled Boiled
Freeze froze frozen Sting stung stung Bring brought Brought
Get got Got

 

gotten

Strike struck Struck

 

striken

Build built Built
Burn burnt Burnt

 

burned

Read read read Pen penned Penned
Buy bought bought Rent rented rented Dye dyed Dyed
Bury buried buried Say said said Die died Died
Carry carried carried Seek sought sought Believe believed Believed
Cost cost cost Sell sold sold Annoy annoyed Annoyed
Cut cut cut Send sent sent Beg Begged Begged
Catch caught caught Shed shed shed Certify certified Certified
Creep crept crept Shoot shot shot Capsize capsized Capsized
Deal dealt dealt Shut shut shut Climb climbed Climbed
Dream Dreamt/dreamed dreamt/

 

dreamed

Sleep slept slept Cheat cheat Cheated
Dwell dwelt dwelt Slip slipped slipped Crawl crawled Crawled
Feed fed fed Smell smelt smelt Demand demanded Demanded
Feel felt felt Speed sped sped Delay delayed Delayed
Bet bet/

 

betted

bet/

 

betted

Spell spelt spelt Equip equipped Equipped
Find found found Spend spent spent Expel expelled Expelled
Found founded founded Spit spat spat Fry fried Fried
Hear heard heard Spoil spoiled spoiled Forecast forecast Forecast
Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle Present Past Past Participle
Keep kept kept spread spread spread Forgive forgave forgiven
Knit Knit/

 

knitted

Knit/

 

knitted

Sweep swept swept Greet greeted greeted
Knock knocked knocked Teach taught taught Guard guarded guarded
Lay laid laid Tell told told Hunt hunted hunted
Lead led led Think tought tought Kick kicked kicked
Learn learned learnt Wake waked waked Protect protected protected
Leave left left Weep wept wept Study studied studied
Lend lent lent Work worked worked Light lighted lighted
Lie lied lied Flee fled fled Lose lost lost
Make made made Quit quit/

 

quitted

quit/

 

quitted

Let let let
Mean Meant Meant Fly flew Flew

 

/flown

put put put
Meet met met Burst burst burst Fell felled felled
Pay paid paid Hit hit hit flow flowed flowed
      Hurt hurt hurt      

Exercise :

Use the Following verbs in their correct form of tenses. Post, live reach, play, return, tell, break, run, be, read,

  1. He [dash] the book for an hour.
  2. The children [dash] now in the garden.
  3. There [dash] a King in China.
  4. 1[dash] home tomorrow.
  5. An honest man never [dash] a lie.
  6. Who [dash] the glass that you see on the floor?
  7. The student [dash] the school before it began to rain.
  8. I am now walking and [dash] this time tomorrow.
  9. He[dash] ill today.
  10. Mahbub[dash] the letter last week. .

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