- The reporting verb is changed into exclaim, cry, shout etc. according to the sense.
- New words and phrases like. with joy/in joy, with sorrow/ in sorrow, in wonder etc. are used to express the meaning of exclamation. If the sense of exclamation is not clear, such phrases are not used.
- That is used as a linking word.
- The changed form becomes a statement.
Direct : The man said, “Alas! I am undone”.
Indirect : The man cried out in sorrow that he was undone.
Direct : He said, “Hurrah! We have won the game”:
Indirect : He exclaimed in joy that they had won the game.
Direct : He said to me, “What a funny boy you are”!
Indirect : He exclaimed in joy that I was a very funny boy.
Direct : He said, “What a fool I am”!
Indirect : He cried out with sorrow that he was a great fool.
[Note: ‘great’ is used before a noun]
Direct : He said, “What along journey”!
Indirect : He exclaimed that it was a very long journey.
Direct : He said, “Who knew that it would happen”!
Indirect : He said that nobody knew that it would happen.
Direct . : He said, “By God! I have never done it”.
Indirect : He swore by God that he had never done it.
Direct : He said, “Had I the wings of a bird!”
Indirect : He wished he had the wings of a bird.
- Transform the direct speech:
(i) The man said, “Alas! He is gone for ever”.
(ii) Nazrul said, “What a charming scenery it is”!
(iii) The girlsaid, “What a nice bird it is”!
(iv) The boys said, “What a fool you are”!
(v) They said, “How cruel the man is”!
Change the form of speech:
(i) The boy exclaimed in grief that he was ruined.
(ii) The man exclaimed with sorrow that it was a great pity.
(iii) Altaf exclaimed that it was a very dirty thing.
(iv) He swore by Jove that it was a very good news.
(v) They cried out in joy that the sky was very clear.
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